Bhagat Singh was one of the most well-known Indian freedom fighters and most influential revolutionaries of Indian nationalist movement and who significantly contributed in the struggle of Indian freedom against the British. Singh was born in a family they were actively involved in revolutionary activities against the British rule. He is also called by the name of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, and its meaning is a martyr. He was the prominent member in the various revolutionary associations like Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Kirti Kisan Party and he was also one of the major leaders and founder of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which was later said as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in the year of 1928.
Facts about Shaheed
He was born on 27th September 1907. He is belonging to Sikh Religion. He was born in the place of Banga, Punjab. He was studied at the National College in Lahore. He has worked in the European Revolutionary Movement before joining to Politics. He wrote for a Punjabi edited Urdu and edited Urdu newspapers, published in Amritsar, and also he published low-priced pamphlets by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha that was excoriated the British. He also wrote briefly for the newspaper Veer Arjun it was published in Delhi and the journal of the Kirti Kisan Party (“Workers and Peasants Party”)for Kirti. He often used the pseudonyms for including the names such as Vidhrohi, Ranjit Balwant.
Bhagat Singh was often referred to as the ‘youth icon’ or the ‘revolutionary of the youth’. He was one of the youngest fighters in the Indian freedom struggle. His patriotism was not restricted to outburst against the British. He was rather had a mind and intellect of genius who could foresee the division of India on communal lines. At that time many of the much-esteemed leaders were unable to see. His educational qualifications have established the fact that his ideas and opinions were well thought and not just a product of the hysterical mass movements.
He was greatly attracted to socialism. He was believed to be one of India’s earliest Marxists. Bhagat Singh was deeply saddened by the incident of Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 So that he participated in the non-cooperation movement, he was really disappointed when Gandhi called off the action after the Chauri Chaura incident. During his studies in Lahore where he came into contact with other revolutionaries such as Sukhdev, Bhagwati Charan, and others. He fled from the home to escape from early marriage and he became a member in the organization of Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s death
In 1928, he came in contact with the another famous revolutionary Chandrasekhar Azad. Bhagat Singh was against the individual acts of terrorism and he gave a clarion call for mass mobilization. Chandrasekhar Azad and mass mobilization both get combined and form the ‘Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha’. In February 1928 Simon Commission’s visit to India, there were the protests occur against the Simon Commission because there were no Indians in that membership and it acts opposite for the Indians. Lala Lajpat Rai also led a march in protest against it. Police attempted to disperse the large crowd that resulted in violence. James A. Scott, the superintendent of police ordered the police to lathi charge, Lala Lajpat Rai was injured in this charge and later he was succumbed to his injuries to avenge Lajpat Rai’s death, Bhagat Singh decided to kill the British official who is responsible for the killing and Deputy Inspector General Scott. By mistaking he accidentally shot the scott’s Assistant Superintendent Saunders instead of Scott.
On 8th April 1929, Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly and thereafter courted arrest him. Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru, and Sukh Dev were awarded death by a court for their subversive activities. On 23rd March 1931, they were hanged. Bhagat Singh is still seen as the role model by a large number of young people in India. His sense of courage, patriotism, and sacrifice are something that will be reversed and looked upon by generations to come again.